Monday, 26 August 2013

Annex

Task 1


Study Implications

The purpose of research is to inform action.  Thus, your study should seek to contextualize its findings within the larger body of research.  Research must always be high quality in order to produce knowledge that is applicable outside of the research setting with implications that go beyond the group that has participated in the research.  Furthermore, the results of your study should have implications for policy and project implementation.  
One problem that often plagues progress in global health is the slow translation of research into practice. Oftentimes, a disconnect exists between those who create the evidence base and those who are positioned to implement the research findings. The underlying problem is in “the way in which the production of evidence is organized institutionally with highly centralized mechanisms, whereas the application of that science is highly decentralized.  This social distance prevails because scientists are more oriented to the international audiences of other scientists for which they publish than to the needs of practitioners, policy makers, or the local public.”(1)
Thus, as researchers, it is imperative to take steps to overcome this barrier.  Publishing your study may be one initial step to make your research known to the global community.  Other proactive measures can be taken to encourage the uptake of evidence-based interventions.  For example, you can present your research findings at various venues such as the Unite for Sight sponsored Global Health and Innovation Conference.  Furthermore, you can send the results of your study to local officials, policy-makers, and community leaders. 

Goals of Research

There are relatively few published studies about eye care in developing countries, and Unite For Sight encourages all volunteers to consider developing a research study to contribute important knowledge to the eye care community on a global scale. Pursuing a research project will be a challenging and rewarding experience, and this opportunity enables you to pursue an in-depth original study about a topic of interest.
Well-conducted research is vital to the success of global heath endeavors.  Not only does research form the foundation of program development and policies all over the world, but it can also be translated into effective global health programs.  Research draws its power from the fact that it is empirical: rather than merely theorizing about what might be effective or what could work, researchers go out into the field and design studies that give policymakers hard data on which they can base their decisions.  Furthermore, good research produces results that are examinable by peers, methodologies that can be replicated, and knowledge that can be applied to real-world situations.  Researchers work as a team to enhance our knowledge of how to best address the world’s problems.   


Task 2

Daryl

Relationships between teachers and students have different types, ranging from complete hatred for each other to relationships that are even better than family. There are many variables that cause the different endings in these relationships such as favouritism, bootlicking, punctuality in homework ect.
These relationships may also lead to inducing disgust in friends so many teacher student relationships are not very friendly or for some unknown.As students i think we should listen to the teacher and do what they say no matter what our relationship is like as it is a form my respect.


Nyi Nyi

SST is a good environment for learning to take place, but are the students well behaved? Most people sees SST’s students as well-behaved. But there are some who do not come to school on time, do not hand in homework and attitude towards the school is not very up to expectations. These students may have their own reason and problems they may be facing but I have noticed that most students who do not sleep well, often have mood swings and change of behavior, mostly negative. They may not come to school on time because they are often tired due to lack of sleep. Not handing up assignments on time is often because they may not have time as some students maybe stressed and set different priorities. There are also students who behaved well and has good attitude, most of them sleeps well and set their priorities right.

Roid
Relationships between students of all levels. We have to be as bonded together as a school so that we will be closer to each other. Although, sometimes, this is not the case. I've seen many times seniors looking down upon juniors and juniors being rude to their own seniors. We are such a small school and yet this things can happen. With the small number of students in this school, it should be the opposite where we are all close together, but many times, that is not the case. We have to be bonded together more strongly and be able to work together as a school.



Task 3


Draft Reports

An investigation of relationship between SST students by Team Delta
This research is related to the negative relationship (looking down on others, leaving them out on group activities ect.) It aims to reduce negative relationships between schoolmates.
This research will study groups of students from different levels on how they feel about their schoolmates and why they feel that way.
Our research is important as it relates to some of our schoolmates and it may help improve the bond between our school. It will bring the students together and will make them work together more easily. This research can be done fairly easily as we can ask the students around the school toby asking  complete our research. Firstly, we will gather the information we need by conducting surveys or even interviews. We will then collate it and look at it as a whole. We'll form a chart or table to analyse the data in order and we'll make powerpoint slides to present the data

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This research aims to find out how students behave differently with or without enough sleep. This project is practical as most people in SST suffer from lack of sleep because of different reasons, because of the lack of sleep, SST students are behaving differently compared to them being energised at the start of the day. This project is manageable as we can easily interview or survey the students who have this problem, we could also observe the students who we think are suffering from this problem. There has been past research done by other people on the effect of lack of sleep by others. There are some credible websites on the internet that has done research on this topic which are also approved by the public. As said on the wikipedia page on sleep, “Sleep debt is the effect of not getting enough sleep; a large debt causes mental, emotional and physical fatigue.” Do you think you are one of them who suffer from sleep debt? If you are, we plan to help you by advising you to manage your time wisely so as to have enough rest after your daily activities. This will help you concentrate better in class as you will not be so tired and in turn improve your grades significantly.







Bibliography

-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sleep
-http://www.uniteforsight.org/research-methodology/module6

Recommendation


According to the survey, the students have also suggested that they can sleep earlier if they finish assignments first before playing games or ‘facebooking’. They can also make timetables to make time for both their homework and their own personal activities. Reminding themselves to finish their homework before doing other stuff is helpful too. Alarms and reminders are useful in keeping track of the time spent and to see if any assignments are required to be handed in by the next day.

Discussion

According to the discussions, for students who go to bed late and do not get enough sleep, one reason is because they do not prioritise their homework and finish their other stuff instead, leaving homework to the last minute and having them to stay up all night to finish their homework or assignments. Another reason is because they reach home late, as their CCAs and remedials end later than usual and the students’ home is very far from the school. Students also stay up late to play games and visit social networking sites and end up not being aware of the time. We have found this out through the surveys that we held and students have provided us with the above stated information in their answers to the questions.
According to the survey done, if they do not have enough sleep, they cannot keep up in class, cannot concentrate and pay full attention to the teacher. They also feel that their performance is becoming worse compared to the start of the year.

Data Analysis







Total Hours of Sleep = 109 hours
Average Period of Sleep = 109/15

=7.27 hours  


Methods

Our method is a survey research. Surveys are simple to develop and are relatively easy to administer. They are time savers as they do not need much time to be filled out.


We will hold about ten survey questions based on our research title, 'How
Lack of Sleep Affects Performance in School" using Google Forms and
about 20 SST students to fill them out for us, mainly from our class. This survey will show their sleep patterns and the average period of time they sleep each day. These results will show us how does sleep affect work performance. After we collect the data from the surveys, we will collate them together to analyse the data and review how the behaviour of the students  is affected by their amount of sleep.


Interview Questions


How much sleep do you get a night?
How much sleep do you think you need a day?
Do you go to bed late on school days?
If you do sleep late, why?
Do you think lack of sleep affects your performance in school?
If you do, why?

How do you think lack of sleep can be solved?

Introduction

Project Manager: Roid Shafiq
Multimedia Manager: Myo Nyi Nyi
Communications Manager: Tony Zhang
Research Specialist: Daryl Puan

Research Title:
How lack of sleep affects performance in school

Research Justification

This research aims to find out how students behave differently with or without enough sleep. This project is practical as many people in SST suffer from lack of sleep because of different reasons. Because of the lack of sleep, SST students are behaving differently compared to them being energised at the start of the day. We are going to hold surveys through Google forms as it allows us to ask many people and get a good response. We may also hold interviews and talk about it with the students who we think have this problem. There have been researches done by other people on the effects of lack of sleep.

As quoted “More than half of all teenagers are sleep deprived”
-BBC Scotland, 25 August 2013

There are some credible websites on the internet that has done research on this topic which are also approved by the public. As said on the wikipedia page on sleep, “Sleep debt is the effect of not getting enough sleep; a large debt causes mental, emotional and physical fatigue.” This is why we think that this problem has to be solved so that students in SST will have a better quality of life with adequate amount of sleep.




Reasons for choice of topic
-We believe that many people in SST suffer from lack of sleep
-It will also affect their performance in school and their grades may drop significantly
-By doing this research, we believe that we can help those people who suffer from lack of sleep realise and change their sleeping habits for the better




Feasibility of research
-We feel it will be fairly simple as we can conduct surveys through Google Forms. We can send it to many people thus getting a better response.
-We can also hold interviews with the people who we find are suffering from lack of sleep



Manageability of the research
-We can do this together as a group and divide the work equally amongst ourselves
-That way, we can do this fairly easily
-We expect some difficulty in doing the project but we intend to cope with it by asking the members to do their part in the research.



Accessibility of information required
-We can go online and find out about the effects of lack of sleep on students
-We can have surveys using Google Forms and ask students to fill them out for us

-We may have some trouble with the surveys as not everyone will fill them out. We intend to then send it out to more people so that we have a better chance have having a good response.




Summary Of Related Scholarly Articles


Tony's article: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/02/070215083151.htm

Most students with low have lower grades have lesser sleep compared to those who score higher which score better in examinations. Students with irregular sleep patterns would also score not as well as ones with better sleep patterns. This report shows that sleep is very important for students to be focused during the day. Students should avoid taking caffeine after lunch and taking naps after school.

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Daryl's article: http://www.thefabricator.com/article/safety/how-sleep-deprivation-affects-work-performance

This proves that an average person will not be able to concentrate or learn much due to the lack of sleep. Lack of sleep will often result in bad temper and worsen social relationships with others. This will lead to inefficiency and unsatisfactory results in daily work.
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Roid's article: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-23811690


More then half of all teenagers are sleep deprived due to a combination of technology and hormone changes. The importance of sleep is also largely ignored. With teenagers, sleep could enormously enhance the quality of life and indeed their educational performance. There are some people who are ‘all-nighters’ who either game or do work overnight and have very little sleep after. Hormonal change also plays a part. Teenagers naturally veer towards later bedtimes and wake up later in the morning. This is possibly due to hormonal changes that occur during puberty. 
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NyiNyi's article :http://www.mathgoodies.com/articles/teens_sleep.html



Most Teens does not get enough sleep on school days mainly because of social life, caffeinated drinks, electronic media, procrastinating on homework, and depression. They often get tired and restless in class. The body clock of the Teen also changes if teen often sleeps late. Researchers also found that biological changes that take place in puberty keep kids from being able to fall asleep as early as when they were younger. Lack of sleep affects teens' ability to function at school. A recent study showed that sleep deprivation can affect mood, performance, attention, learning, behavior and biological functions.Too little sleep may also contribute to mood swings and behavioral problems.